A-Z index of CMI

You can search the A-Z Index for Consumer Medicine Information (CMI) by the medicine's Brand Name.

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Brand Name: the name given to the medicine by the company that makes the medicine. There may be more than one brand name if more than one company makes the medicine.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

Reading the CMI does not take the place of counselling by a health professional. Always talk to your doctor or pharmacist about all aspects of your medicines, including why you are taking them and what benefits / risks you can expect.
The CMI for your medicine that is on this web site is the most up-to-date version available. It may differ from a CMI that you previously received from your doctor or pharmacist, or in your pack of medicine.

This web site does not contain all CMIs for medicines sold in Australia and not all medicines have a CMI available for them. If you do not find a CMI for your medicine on this page, contact the pharmaceutical company who makes the medicine or talk to your doctor or pharmacist. The information on this web site is intended for use in Australia only.

Product name Date released
Expand APO-Risedronate 18 Nov 2016
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Risedronate. It contains the active ingredient, risedronate sodium.
This medicine is used to:
treat osteoporosis (brittle or fragile bones that may fracture easily)
treat osteoporosis caused by taking steroids
preserve bone mineral density in patients on long term steroid therapy.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

Understanding bone
Bone is a living tissue consisting of calcium and other minerals.
Throughout life, old bone is constantly broken down and replaced with new bone. After the age of 35, bone loss may occur faster than your body can replace it. If you lose too much bone then they become weaker and are more likely to break.
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis (brittle bone disease) is a disease that causes bones to become weaker. Weak bones break (fracture) easily.
Many patients with osteoporosis have no symptoms and may not even know that they have osteoporosis. However osteoporosis makes you more likely to break bones when you have a fall or bump. The spine, hip and wrist are the most likely bones to break, although this can happen to any bone in your body. Osteoporosis can also cause back pain, height loss and a curved back.
Osteoporosis is common in women after the menopause and is also more likely to occur in women who have reached the menopause early. Osteoporosis can also occur in women who have not yet reached menopause, and in men.
Long term steroid treatment can also lead to osteoporosis in both men and women.
Risedronate works by slowing down the process of old bone being removed. This allows the bone-forming cells time to rebuild normal bone.
Risedronate also helps to rebuild bone mass. This creates stronger bone which is less likely to fracture.
Therefore risedronate can help reverse the progression of osteoporosis.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

Use in children

Do not give risedronate to children or adolescents under 18 years of age, the safety and efficacy of risedronate has not been established in this age group.
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Expand APO-Risperidone 23 Dec 2015
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Risperidone. It contains the active ingredient risperidone.
It is used for:
Symptoms of schizophrenia and other types of related psychoses in adults, adolescents and children over 15 years of age. These are conditions related to thoughts, feelings and/or actions.
Risperidone may be taken for both sudden (acute) and long-lasting (chronic) schizophrenia.
Acute mania associated with Bipolar 1 Disorder (short term treatment). People with this condition may have symptoms such as elevated, expansive or irritable mood, inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, pressured speech, racing thoughts, distractibility or poor judgment including disruptive or aggressive behaviours.
Behavioural problems in patients with a decline in mental ability (dementia). These problems include: aggression through words or action, morbid suspiciousness, agitation or wandering.
Conduct and other disruptive disorders in adults, adolescents and children over 5 years old who are intellectually disabled and who show destructive behaviours such as aggression, impulsiveness and self-injury.
Certain behaviours seen in children and adolescents with autism.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

How it works

Risperidone helps to correct a chemical imbalance in the brain associated with these conditions.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.
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Expand APO-Rizatriptan 24 Jun 2016
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Rizatriptan Orally Disintegrating Tablets. It contains the active ingredient rizatriptan benzoate.
It is used to relieve the headache pain and other symptoms of migraine attacks.
Rizatriptan Orally Disintegrating Tablets do not work for other types of headaches.
Migraine is an intense, throbbing, typically one-sided headache. It often includes nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, and sensitivity to sound. Some people may have visual symptoms before the headache, called an aura. An aura can include flashing lights or wavy lines.
Migraine attacks last anything from two hours to two days and they can return frequently. The severity and frequency of migraine attacks may vary.
Migraine occurs in about one out every 10 people. It is three times more common in women than men.
Six out of ten migraine sufferers their first attack before the age of 20.
There is no single cause of migraine.
It tends to run in families. Certain things, singly or in combination, trigger migraine attacks in some people. Some of these triggers are:
Certain foods or drinks, for example, cheese and other dairy products, chocolate, citrus fruit, caffeine, alcohol (especially red wine)
Stress, anger, worry
Changes in routine, for example, under or over sleeping, missing meal, change in diet
Bright light or loud noises
Hormonal changes in women, example, during menstrual periods
If you understand what triggers your attacks, you may be able to prevent migraine attacks or reduce their frequency. Keeping a headache diary will help you identify and monitor of the possible migraine triggers encounter. Once the triggers are identified, you and your doctor can modify your treatment and lifestyle appropriately.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

During a migraine attack, blood vessels in the brain dilate, or widen, resulting in a throbbing pain.
Rizatriptan decreases this widening, returning the blood vessels to their normal size, and therefore helps to relieve the pain. Rizatriptan also blocks the release of certain chemicals from nerve endings that cause more pain and other symptoms of migraine.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive

Use in children

This medicine should not be used in children.
The safety and effectiveness of rizatriptan in children under 18 years have not been established.
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Expand APO-Rosuvastatin 27 May 2013
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Rosuvastatin. It contains the active ingredient rosuvastatin (as rosuvastatin calcium).
This medicine is used to lower high cholesterol levels.
Even though you may have normal cholesterol, this medicine can also be used to reduce the risk of you having a stroke or heart attack if you are a man 50 or more years old or a woman 60 or more years old and have at least 2 risk factors for having a heart attack or stroke. Risk factors include: high blood pressure, low levels of good cholesterol (HDL), smoking or a family history of premature coronary heart disease. Your doctor may also do a blood test to measure a substance called C Reactive Protein to help decide if you should be given this medicine for this use.

Cholesterol and triglycerides

Everyone has cholesterol and triglycerides in their blood. They are fatty substances needed by the body for many things.
Triglycerides are an energy source for the body. Cholesterol is used for such things as building cells, making bile acids (which help to digest foods) and making some hormones.
There are different types of cholesterol. Too much of the "bad" cholesterol (LDL) can block the blood vessel that supply your heart and brain with blood, and can cause heart attack, angina and stroke. The "good" cholesterol (HDL) helps to remove the bad cholesterol from the blood vessels. High levels of triglycerides can be associated with a low level of "good" cholesterol and may increase the risk of heart disease.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

Rosuvastatin belongs to a group of medicines known as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (also known as 'statins'). It lowers the "bad" cholesterol and raises the "good" cholesterol when exercise and changes to diet are not enough on their own.
Cholesterol is present in many foods and is also made by your body. Rosuvastatin does not reduce the cholesterol that comes from fat in food. Because of this, when you are taking rosuvastatin, you need to follow a low-fat diet, control your weight and exercise regularly.
High cholesterol is also more likely to occur with certain diseases or if you have a family history of high cholesterol.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

Use in children

This medicine should not be used in children.
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Expand APO-Roxithromycin 03 Dec 2015
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Roxithromycin. It contains the active ingredient roxithromycin.
It is used to treat:
acute pharyngitis (sore throat and discomfort when swallowing)
tonsillitis
sinusitis
acute bronchitis (infection of the bronchi causing coughing)
worsening of chronic bronchitis
pneumonia (lung infection characterised by fever, malaise, headache)
skin and soft tissue infections
non gonoccocal urethritis
impetigo (bacterial infection causing sores on the skin).
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

Roxithromycin is an antibiotic that belongs to a group of medicines called macrolides.
These antibiotics work by killing or stopping the growth of the bacteria that are causing your infection.
Roxithromycin, like other antibiotics, does not work against viral infections such as the flu.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

Use in children

This medicine is not recommended for use in children weighing less than 40kg.

When you must not take it

Do not take this medicine if:
You have severe liver problems.
You are taking certain medicines for migraine headache called ergot alkaloids.
You are hypersensitive to, or have had an allergic reaction to, roxithromycin or any other macrolide antibiotics (e.g. azithromycin, clarithromycin or erythromycin), or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include cough, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body, rash, itching or hives on the skin; fainting or hay fever-like symptoms.
If you think you are having an allergic reaction, do not take any more of the medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at the nearest hospital.
The expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed.
The packaging is torn, shows signs of tampering or it does not look quite right.

Before you start to take it

Before you start taking this medicine, tell your doctor if:

1. You have allergies to:

any other medicines
any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.

2. You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:

kidney problems (impaired function).
liver problems (hepatic cirrhosis with jaundice and/or ascites).

3. You are currently pregnant or you plan to become pregnant. Do not take this medicine whilst pregnant until you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved.

4. You are currently breastfeeding or you plan to breastfeed. Do not take this medicine whilst breast-feeding until you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved.

5. You are planning to have surgery or an anaesthetic.

6. You are currently receiving or are planning to receive dental treatment.

7. You are taking or are planning to take any other medicines; this includes vitamins and supplements that are available from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines may interact with roxithromycin. These include:
theophylline, a medicine used to treat asthma
some medicines for migraine headache called ergot alkaloids
disopyramide, a medicine to treat irregular heart rhythms
terfenadine and astemizole), over the counter medicines used to treat allergies
warfarin, a medicine used to prevent blood clots
digoxin, a medicine used to treat heart failure
midazolam, used to induce sleep before operations
cyclosporin, a medicine used to prevent organ transplant rejection or to treat certain problems with the immune system
cisapride, a medicine used to treat gastrointestinal problems
pimozide, an antipsychotic medicine
rifabutin and bromocriptine (which use the CYP3A liver enzyme).
If you are taking any of these you may need a different dose or you may need to take different medicines.
Other medicines not listed above may also interact with roxithromycin.
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Expand APO-Salbutamol Ampoules 03 Feb 2015
 
Salbutamol is inhaled into your lungs to relieve the symptoms of asthma and other breathing problems.
It may also be used before exercise or at other times to keep your air passages open if you start to wheeze or have difficulty breathing each time you exert yourself.
It is delivered directly to your lungs through a device called a nebuliser.

How it works

Salbutamol belongs to a family of medicines called bronchodilators (beta-2-agonists). These work rapidly to open up the air passages in your lungs.
Asthma is a disease where the lining of the lungs becomes inflamed (red and swollen), making it difficult to breathe. This may be due to an allergy to house dust mites, smoke, air-borne pollution and other irritants.
Salbutamol opens up the air passages in people suffering from asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and other breathing problems.
This medicine may be used for the management of other conditions that are not mentioned above. Your doctor will be able to tell you about the specific condition for which you have been prescribed salbutamol.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
There is no known evidence to show that this medicine is addictive

Use in children

APO-Salbutamol Inhalation Ampoules may be used in children aged between 4 and 12 years of age.
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Expand APO-Sertraline 10 Jan 2017
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Sertraline. It contains the active ingredient sertraline (as sertraline hydrochloride).
It is used to treat:
depression
social anxiety disorder or social phobia
Pre-Menstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

Sertraline belongs to a group of medicines called Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs). Serotonin is one of the chemicals in your brain which helps control your mood. Sertraline and other SSRIs are thought to help by increasing the amount of serotonin in your brain.
Depression is longer lasting and/or more severe than the "low moods" everyone has from time to time due to the stress of everyday life. It is thought to be caused by a chemical imbalance in parts of the brain. This imbalance affects your whole body and can cause emotional and physical symptoms such as feeling low in spirit, loss of interest in activities, being unable to enjoy life, poor appetite or overeating, disturbed sleep, often waking up early, loss of sex drive, lack of energy and feeling guilty over nothing.
PMDD affects some women in the days before their period. PMDD is different from premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The mood symptoms (anger, sadness, tension, etc.) in PMDD are more severe than in PMS and affect the woman's daily activities and relationship with others.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.
Clinical experience has shown that sertraline should not affect the ability to drive or operate machinery. However, make sure you know how sertraline affects you before driving or operating machinery, as it can make some people drowsy or dizzy or affect their concentration.

Use in children

This medicine should not be used in children.
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Expand APO-Sildenafil 03 Oct 2014
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Sildenafil. It contains the active ingredient sildenafil.
It is used to treat erectile dysfunction, more commonly known as impotence, in men. This is when a man cannot get, or keep, a hard erect penis suitable for sexual activity.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

Sildenafil belongs to a group of medicines called phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors.
It works by relaxing the blood vessels in your penis when you are sexually excited. This allows blood to flow into your penis, allowing you to get an erection in the natural way.
Sildenafil will work only if you are sexually excited.
Sildenafil will not increase your sex drive.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

Use in children

This medicine should not be used in children.
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Expand APO-Sildenafil PHT 03 Oct 2014
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Sildenafil PHT Tablets. It contains the active ingredient sildenafil citrate.
It is used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (high blood pressure in the blood vessels in the lungs).
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

Sildenafil belongs to a group of medicines called phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors.
Sildenafil brings down pulmonary arterial blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels in the lungs.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

Use in children

Do not give sildenafil to children. Sildenafil is not indicated for use in children less than 18 years of age.
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Expand APO-Simvastatin 26 May 2016
 
The name of your medicine is APO-Simvastatin tablets. It contains the active ingredient simvastatin.
It is used to help lower high cholesterol and triglyceride levels (together with diet and other lifestyle changes - discuss these with your doctor).
Simvastatin is used in people who have coronary heart disease (CHD) or who are at high risk of CHD (for example, if they have diabetes, a history of stroke, or other blood vessel disease).
Simvastatin may be used, regardless of cholesterol level, to:
help prolong life by reducing the risk of a heart attack
reduce the risk of stroke
reduce the need for surgery to increase blood flow to the heart
reduce the need for hospitalisation due to angina.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
Cholesterol:
Everyone has cholesterol and triglycerides in their blood. They are types of blood fat needed by the body for many things, including building cell walls, making bile acids (which help to digest food) and certain hormones. However, too much cholesterol can be a problem. Your body makes cholesterol, but it also comes from food.
Normally the body balances the cholesterol it makes with the cholesterol it gets from food. This means if more cholesterol comes from food, less is made by the body. However, if you eat a diet high in fat, your body may not keep this balance and your cholesterol levels rise.
High cholesterol is more likely to occur with certain diseases or if you have a family history of high cholesterol.
When you have high levels of cholesterol, it may 'stick' to the inside of your blood vessels instead of being carried to the parts of the body where it is needed. Over time this can form hard areas called plaque, on the walls of blood vessels, making it more difficult for the blood to flow. This blocking of your blood vessels can lead to CHD (such as heart attack and angina) and stroke.
There are different types of cholesterol, called LDL and HDL cholesterol. LDL cholesterol is the 'bad' cholesterol that can block vessels. HDL cholesterol, on the other hand, is the 'good' cholesterol that is thought to remove the bad cholesterol from the blood vessels.
Triglycerides:
Triglycerides are an energy source for the body. However, as with cholesterol, too much triglycerides can be a problem.

How it works

Simvastatin belongs to a group of medicines known as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors.
In people with CHD, simvastatin may slow down the hardening of blood vessels and reduce the risk of developing new plaque.
In people with high cholesterol, it works by reducing the amount of cholesterol made by the liver. In terms of good (HDL) and bad (LDL) cholesterol, simvastatin reduces the bad cholesterol and raises the good cholesterol.
Simvastatin does not reduce the cholesterol and triglycerides that come from fat in food. Therefore, when you are taking simvastatin, you also need to follow a low fat diet and other measures, such as exercise and weight control.
In most people, there are no symptoms of high cholesterol or triglycerides. Your doctor can measure your cholesterol and triglycerides with a simple blood test.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

Use in children

Safety and effectiveness have not been studied in boys under 10 years of age or in girls who have not yet started their periods.
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