A-Z index of CMI

You can search the A-Z Index for Consumer Medicine Information (CMI) by the medicine's Brand Name.

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Brand Name: the name given to the medicine by the company that makes the medicine. There may be more than one brand name if more than one company makes the medicine.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

Reading the CMI does not take the place of counselling by a health professional. Always talk to your doctor or pharmacist about all aspects of your medicines, including why you are taking them and what benefits / risks you can expect.
The CMI for your medicine that is on this web site is the most up-to-date version available. It may differ from a CMI that you previously received from your doctor or pharmacist, or in your pack of medicine.

This web site does not contain all CMIs for medicines sold in Australia and not all medicines have a CMI available for them. If you do not find a CMI for your medicine on this page, contact the pharmaceutical company who makes the medicine or talk to your doctor or pharmacist. The information on this web site is intended for use in Australia only.

Product name Date released
Expand Akynzeo 03 May 2016
 
This medicine is used to prevent nausea (feeling sick) and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy in adult patients.
It is a combination medicine which contains two active ingredients. The active ingredients ae called netupitant and palonosetron.
Netupitant belongs to a group of medicines 'neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor antagonists'.
Palonosetron belongs to a group of medicines called 'serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonists'.
Akynzeo works by blocking the actions of substances in your body and brain that are thought to cause nausea and vomiting.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
This medicine is not addictive.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
There is not enough information to recommend the use for children under the age of 18 years.
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Expand Alcaine 31 Jul 2017
 
ALCAINE contains the active ingredient proxymetacaine hydrochloride, which belongs to a group of medicines called local anaesthetics.
ALCAINE is used to temporarily numb or block the feeling (anaesthetise) of pain in your eye(s) during short term medical procedures. These procedures include measuring the pressure in your eye, cataract surgery, removing stitches or a foreign body from eye e.g. a bit of dirt.
The numbing effect of ALCAINE will wear off quickly, usually about 15 minutes after the last drop is put in your eye(s).
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
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Expand Aldactone 16 Nov 2012
 

What ALDACTONE does

ALDACTONE is used:
To treat essential hypertension (high blood pressure with an unknown cause)
To treat oedematous disorders (swelling with fluid), including congestive cardiac failure
For the diagnosis and treatment of primary aldosteronism (a hormone disorder causing fluid retention)
As add-on therapy in malignant hypertension (a very serious form of high blood pressure)
Where there is a low amount of potassium (a mineral) in the blood caused by another diuretic (fluid-removing medicine)
ALDACTONE improves the blood pressure lowering action of thiazide diuretics while at the same time reducing or preventing potassium loss due to these medicines.
For the prevention of low amounts of potassium in the blood in patients taking digitalis (a type of heart drug)
For the treatment of hirsutism (excess body hair in women)

How ALDACTONE works

ALDACTONE acts by working against a hormone called aldosterone. Too much aldosterone causes increased amounts of sodium (a mineral) and water to be retained by the kidneys, while too much potassium is removed from the body. ALDACTONE works against the effects of aldosterone.
ALDACTONE acts by removing excess fluid and by lowering blood pressure. It may be given alone or with other diuretics (fluid-removing medicines). It improves the effectiveness of other medicines used to lower blood pressure.
ALDACTONE also has a moderate ability to act against male sex hormones (anti-androgenic effect). Because of this, ALDACTONE is effective in the treatment of female hirsutism (excess body hair). It reduces hair growth, thickness and hair colour. Increased urine flow is unlikely to be a problem when ALDACTONE is used to treat hirsutism. This is because aldosterone levels are not normally high in patients with hirsutism.
The safety of ALDACTONE for the treatment of hirsutism in women of child-bearing age has not been established by specific studies.
Your doctor may recommend combined use with oral contraceptives to provide both regular menstrual cycles and adequate contraception.
Your doctor, however, may prescribe ALDACTONE for another purpose.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why ALDACTONE has been prescribed for you.
There is no evidence that ALDACTONE is addictive.
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Expand Aldara 09 Jul 2014
 
The name of your medicine is Aldara. Aldara cream contains the active ingredient imiquimod. Imiquimod is an immune response modifier. It activates immune cells in the body. The immune cells then proceed to kill and remove the virus-infected or cancer cells. Although the exact way that Aldara works is unknown, it is believed to be due to its effects on the immune system.
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Expand Aldurazyme 19 Sep 2016
 
ALDURAZYME is used as enzyme replacement therapy in Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) storage disorder, a disease in which the level of α-L-iduronidase is absent or lower than normal.

How it works

Patients with MPS I disease do not produce enough of their own enzyme, α-L-iduronidase. The reduced or absent α-L-iduronidase activity in patients results in the accumulation of substances called glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in most cell types and tissues. ALDURAZYME is an enzyme replacement therapy that is intended to restore a level of enzyme activity sufficient to remove the accumulated GAGs and to prevent further accumulation.
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Expand Alecensa 04 Jul 2017
 
Alecensa contains the active ingredient alectinib.
Alecensa belongs to a group of medicines called anti-neoplastic (or anti-cancer) agents which are used to treat cancer.
Alecensa is used to treat adults with a type of lung cancer called non-small cell lung cancer. It is used if your cancer:
is ALK-positive – this means your cancer cells have a fault in a gene called anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)
is advanced or has spread to another part of your body (metastatic)
has previously been treated with a medicine called crizotinib, which is causing too many side effects or has stopped working.
Alecensa prevents the activity of the ALK protein. This protein is known to be involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells.
Alecensa may slow down or stop the growth of your cancer. It may also help to shrink your cancer.
Alecensa is approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) on the basis of tumour responses in two early clinical trials and it is not yet known if it prolongs life. Further study is underway.
Some people may experience side effects not yet known or mentioned in this leaflet. If you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please inform your doctor or pharmacist.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why Alecensa has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
Alecensa is not addictive.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
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Expand Alendronate Plus D3 and Calcium Sandoz 08 Apr 2015
 
ALENDRONATE PLUS D3 AND CALCIUM SANDOZ is a combination medicine consisting of 4 once weekly tablets of ALENDRONATE PLUS D3 SANDOZ 70 mg/ 140 mcg (5600 IU) together with 24 or 48 tablets of Calcium Sandoz.
ALENDRONATE PLUS D3 AND CALCIUM SANDOZ is used to treat osteoporosis and to provide additional vitamin D and additional calcium.
Osteoporosis is caused by changes in the way bone is normally maintained. Vitamin D is an essential nutrient required for calcium absorption and healthy bones. Calcium is an essential mineral, necessary to maintain the bone structure in the body.

Understanding bone

Bone is a living, growing tissue. Throughout life, our bodies are breaking down old bone and rebuilding new bone in a continuous cycle. Until our late 20s, while bones are still developing, we gain bone by building more than we lose. From then until about age 35 the process is usually in balance, so that the amount of bone lost is about equal to the amount that is replaced. This balanced process keeps your skeleton healthy and strong. After about age 35 this balance is disturbed, with bone loss occurring at a slightly faster rate than it can be replaced. In women, after menopause, hormonal changes cause bone loss at an even faster rate. When bone loss is excessive, bones can become thinner and weaker, and therefore are more likely to break.

Osteoporosis

"Osteo" means bone, and "porosis" means something that has holes in it, like a sponge. Therefore, osteoporosis is a disease which causes bones to become more porous, gradually making them weaker, more brittle and likely to break.
Osteoporosis is common in postmenopausal women. The menopause occurs when the ovaries virtually stop producing the female hormone, oestrogen, or are removed (which may occur, for example, at the time of a hysterectomy). At this time, bone is removed faster than it is formed, so bone loss occurs and bones become weaker. The earlier a woman reaches the menopause, the greater the risk of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis also occurs in men but is less common than in women.
Early on, osteoporosis usually has no symptoms. However, if left untreated it can result in broken bones, also called fractures. Although fractures usually cause pain, fractures of the bones of the spine may go unnoticed until they cause height loss. Fractures may occur during normal, everyday activity, such as lifting, or from minor injury that would not ordinarily fracture normal bone. Fractures usually occur at the hip, spine, or wrist and can lead not only to pain, but also to considerable deformity and disability, such as stooped posture from curvature of the spine, and loss of mobility.

What should I know about vitamin D?

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient, required for calcium absorption and healthy bones. The main source is through exposure to summer sunlight, which makes vitamin D in our skin. Clothing or sun block can prevent enough sunlight from getting through. In addition, as people age, their skin becomes less able to make vitamin D. Very few foods are natural sources of vitamin D.
Too little vitamin D leads to inadequate calcium absorption and low phosphate-minerals that make bones strong. Even if you are eating a diet rich in calcium or taking a calcium supplement, your body cannot absorb calcium properly unless you have enough vitamin D. Too little vitamin D may lead to bone loss and osteoporosis. Severe vitamin D deficiency may cause muscle weakness which can lead to falls and a higher risk of fracture.

What should I know about calcium?

Calcium is vital for healthy teeth and bones and also plays a crucial role in other systems of the body, such as the health and functioning of nerves and muscle tissue. People at different life stages need different amounts of calcium - young children, teenagers and older men and women all have greater than average requirements. Many Australian adults do not achieve the recommended amount of calcium in their diets and can benefit from calcium supplements.
Not having enough calcium in your diet may lead to disorders like osteoporosis. Making sure you have enough calcium in your diet is an important way to slow bone loss and keep bones strong. If not enough calcium from food and supplements can be absorbed to keep blood calcium normal, the body will remove calcium from the bones. If your dietary intake of calcium is constantly low, your body will eventually remove so much calcium from the skeleton that your bones will become weak and brittle and more likely to break.
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Expand Alendronate Plus D3 Sandoz 14 Dec 2015
 
The name of your medicine is Alendronate Plus D3 Sandoz. It contains the active ingredients alendronate sodium and colecalciferol.
It is used to treat osteoporosis and to provide additional vitamin D.
Osteoporosis is caused by changes in the way bone is normally maintained. Vitamin D (colecalciferol) is an essential nutrient required for calcium absorption and healthy bones.

Understanding bone

Bone is living, growing tissue. Throughout life, our bodies are breaking down old bone and rebuilding new bone in a continuous cycle. Until our late 20s, while bones are still developing, we gain bone by building more than we lose. From then until about age 35 the process is usually in balance, so that the amount of bone lost is about equal to the amount that is replaced. After about age 35 this balance is disturbed, with bone loss occurring at a slightly faster rate than it can be replaced. In women, after menopause, hormonal changes cause bone loss at an even faster rate. When bone loss is excessive, bones can become thinner and weaker, and therefore are more likely to break.

Osteoporosis

"Osteo" means bone, and "porosis" means something that has holes in it, like a sponge. Therefore, osteoporosis is a disease which causes bones to become more porous, gradually making them weaker, more brittle and likely to break.
Osteoporosis is common in postmenopausal women. The menopause occurs when the ovaries virtually stop producing the female hormone, oestrogen, or are removed (which may occur, for example, at the time of a hysterectomy). At this time, bone is removed faster than it is formed, so bone loss occurs and bones become weaker. The earlier a woman reaches the menopause, the greater the risk of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis also occurs in men but is less common than in women.
Early on, osteoporosis usually has no symptoms. However, if left untreated it can result in broken bones, also called fractures. Although fractures usually cause pain, fractures of the bones of the spine may go unnoticed until they cause height loss. Fractures may occur during normal, everyday activity, such as lifting, or from minor injury that would not ordinarily fracture normal bone. Fractures usually occur at the hip, spine, or wrist and can lead not only to pain, but also to considerable deformity and disability, such as stooped posture from curvature of the spine, and loss of mobility.

What should I know about vitamin D?

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient, required for calcium absorption and healthy bones. The main source is through exposure to summer sunlight, which makes vitamin D in our skin. Clothing or sun block can prevent enough sunlight from getting through. In addition, as people age, their skin becomes less able to make vitamin D. Very few foods are natural sources of vitamin D.
Too little vitamin D leads to inadequate calcium absorption and low phosphate-minerals that make bones strong. Even if you are eating a diet rich in calcium or taking a calcium supplement, your body cannot absorb calcium properly unless you have enough vitamin D. Too little vitamin D may lead to bone loss and osteoporosis. Severe vitamin D deficiency may cause muscle weakness which can lead to falls and a higher risk of fracture.

How it works

Alendronate works by slowing down the process of old bone being removed, which allows the bone-forming cells time to rebuild normal bone. Alendronate not only helps prevent the loss of bone but actually helps to rebuild bone and make bone less likely to fracture.
Thus, alendronate reverses the progression of osteoporosis.
Alendronate starts working on the bone cells immediately, but measurable effects on bone mass may not be seen for several months or more.
Alendronate belongs to a group of non-hormonal medicines called bisphosphonates.
In addition to alendronate, your medicine also contains vitamin D, an essential nutrient required for calcium absorption and healthy bones.
Your doctor will have explained why you are being treated with this medicine.
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
Your doctor may prescribe this medicine for another use. Ask your doctor if you want more information.
Alendronate Plus D3 Sandoz is not addictive.

Use in children

Do not give Alendronate Plus D3 Sandoz to a child as its effects in children have not been established.
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Expand Alendronate Sandoz 20 Mar 2017
 
Alendronate Sandoz is used to treat osteoporosis including osteoporosis caused by a group of medicines known as corticosteroids.
This condition is caused by changes in the way bone is normally maintained.

Understanding bone

Bone is living, growing tissue. Throughout life, our bodies are breaking down old bone and rebuilding new bone in a continuous cycle. Until our late 20s, while bones are still developing, we gain bone by building more than we lose. From then until about age 35 the process is usually in balance, so that the amount of bone lost is about equal to the amount that is replaced. After about age 35 this balance is disturbed, with bone loss occurring at a slightly faster rate than it can be replaced. In women, after menopause, hormonal changes cause bone loss at an even faster rate. When bone loss is excessive, bones can become thinner and weaker, and therefore are more likely to break.

Osteoporosis

"Osteo" means bone, and "porosis" means something that has holes in it, like a sponge. Therefore, osteoporosis is a disease which causes bones to become more porous, gradually making them weaker, more brittle and likely to break.
Osteoporosis is common in postmenopausal women. The menopause occurs when the ovaries virtually stop producing the female hormone, oestrogen, or are removed (which may occur, for example, at the time of a hysterectomy). At this time, bone is removed faster than it is formed, so bone loss occurs and bones become weaker. The earlier a woman reaches the menopause, the greater the risk of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis also occurs in men but is less common than in women.
Early on, osteoporosis usually has no symptoms. However, if left untreated it can result in broken bones, also called fractures.
Although fractures usually cause pain, fractures of the bones of the spine may go unnoticed until they cause height loss. Fractures may occur during normal, everyday activity, such as lifting, or from minor injury that would not ordinarily fracture normal bone. Fractures usually occur at the hip, spine, or wrist and can lead not only to pain, but also to considerable deformity and disability, such as stooped posture from curvature of the spine, and loss of mobility.

How Alendronate Sandoz works

In osteoporosis, it works by slowing down the process of old bone being removed, which allows the bone-forming cells time to rebuild normal bone. Alendronate Sandoz not only helps prevent the loss of bone but actually helps to rebuild bone and makes bone less likely to fracture. Thus, Alendronate Sandoz reverses the progression of osteoporosis. Alendronate Sandoz starts working on the bone cells immediately, but measurable effects on bone mass may not be seen for several months or more.
Alendronate Sandoz contains the active ingredient alendronate sodium and belongs to a group of non-hormonal medicines called bisphosphonates.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
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Expand Alepam 05 Oct 2016
 
Alepam is used for:
anxiety, such as the anxiety associated with depression
tremor, anxiety and confusion associated with alcohol withdrawal.
Alepam contains the active ingredient oxazepam, which belongs to a group of medicines called benzodiazepines. These medicines are thought to work by their action on brain chemicals.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why Alepam has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed Alepam for another reason.
In general, benzodiazepines such as Alepam should be taken for short periods only (for example 2 to 4 weeks). Continuous long term use is not recommended unless advised by your doctor. The use of benzodiazepines may lead to dependence on the medicine.
Alepam is not recommended for use in children under 16 years of age, as its safety and effectiveness have not been established in this age group.
Alepam is available only with a doctor's prescription.
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